Cell culture is the complex process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions, outside of their natural environment. Cells are dispersed mechanically and or enzymatically into a cell suspension which may then be cultured as a monolayer on a solid substrate, or as a suspension in the culture medium. They can be used for downstream applications such as cells transplantation, model system to study basic cell biology, biochemistry, drug screening and development
Cancer immunotherapy is also known as biologic treatment and is used to treat cancer patients that involves or uses components of the immune system. Some cancer immunotherapies consist of antibodies that bind to, and inhibit the function of, proteins expressed by cancer cells. Other cancer immunotherapies include vaccines and T cell infusions
Molecular biology chiefly concerns itself with understanding the interactions between the various systems of a cell, including the interrelationship of DNA, RNA and protein synthesis and learning how these interactions are regulated. It is the study of molecular underpinnings of the process of replication, transcription and translation of the genetic material.
Microbiological analysis is required and necessary for contamination detection and maintaining high-quality standards. Healthcare facilities, prisons, food handlers and restaurants, laboratories, blood processing centers, and other industries benefit from environmental monitoring, water tests, and other test methods. Microbial testing is the first line of defense against disease-causing bacteria and toxins and supporting public health.
Proteomics is a rapidly growing field of molecular biology that is concerned with the systematic, high-throughput approach to protein expression analysis of a cell or an organism. Typical results of proteomics studies are inventories of the protein content of differentially expressed proteins across multiple conditions. Proteomics enables the understanding the structure, function and interactions of the entire protein content in a specific organism.
Sterile pharmaceutical products are very critical and sensitive products. These products by design are required to be free from living micro-organisms, pyrogens and unacceptable particulate matter. Sterile products produced in staffed cleanrooms are subject to microbial contamination from the environment in which the process is carried out. The process may be adversely affected by the presence of microorganisms termed adventitious, but also by contamination that is an unavoidable consequence of that process.