Cell culture is the complex process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions, outside of their natural environment. Cells are dispersed mechanically and … or enzymatically into a cell suspension which may then be cultured as a monolayer on a solid substrate, or as a suspension in the culture medium. They can be used for downstream applications such as cells transplantation, model system to study basic cell biology, biochemistry, drug screening and development
Molecular biology chiefly concerns itself with understanding the interactions between the various systems of a cell, including the interrelationship of DNA, RNA and protein synthesis and … learning how these interactions are regulated. It is the study of molecular underpinnings of the process of replication, transcription and translation of the genetic material.
Microbiological analysis is required and necessary for contamination detection and maintaining high-quality standards. Healthcare facilities, prisons, food handlers and restaurants, … laboratories, blood processing centers, and other industries benefit from environmental monitoring, water tests, and other test methods. Microbial testing is the first line of defense against disease-causing bacteria and toxins and supporting public health.
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have gained attention in regenerative medicine due to their unique characteristics. Natural EVs are membraneous vesicles released by cells into the extracellular space … that play a role in cell-to-cell communication. Through this system, cells are capable of exchanging DNA, RNA, proteins, and lipids to neighboring and remote sites in the body. EVs are categorized into different groups such as exosomes, microparticles, and apoptotic bodies. There are multiple different methods have been developed to isolate, quantify and characterize EVs.